Ceramic is made out of clay which is flamed to create a tile and is generally used for wall applications, however is still manufactured and used for on the floor. Ceramic tile is easy cleaning and requires minimal maintenance. Because ceramic is a natural product, it is unable to hold onto bacteria, odour and allergens. Two types of ceramic is available, glazed and unglazed. Glazed ceramic has a finish applied and then flamed which creates a barrier and allows for easier cleaning and maintenance because of the non-porous surface. Unglazed ceramic doesn’t have the finish, which makes the surface porous and a little bit more difficult to clean and maintain.
Porcelain is made of quartz, clay and feldspar which is pressed and heated at very high temperature, less impurities exist within the materials when compared to ceramic tile. Because it is flamed at a much higher temperature, this makes it much harder and denser then ceramic tile. Porcelain tile has a lower water absorption rate and is more durable which often makes this tile suitable for exterior and commercial applications. Comes in many different textures and finishes.
Slate is sedimentary rock from the ocean floor that is heated by the earth’s core. Slate is made of clay and micas. Slate can also contain other materials such as quartz, calcite, and feldspar. Many different colours of slate exist, from light beige to black. The colour of the slate depends on the organic material that is existent in the slate. Slate is suitable for application on floors and walls but must be sealed as it is a porous material.
Limestone is a type of marble that is very dense. This natural stone is a sedimentary rock from the ocean that comes in beige, grey and off-white tones. Cross cut and vein cut limestone is available, while both offer two entirely different looks. Because it is a natural stone, it is required that it is to be sealed to ensure that the surface is not stained.
Marble is one of the most popular natural stones. Marble was once limestone that went through metamorphosis from pressure and high temperatures from the earth’s core. There is lots of colour selection, from multiple shades of white, to black. Tumbled, cross cut, vein cut, polished and honed marbles are available for you to choose from in order to ensure your home looks the way you want it to.
Travertine is a limestone that is formed in mineral spring water. This form of limestone is much more porous and less dense. There are distinct holes/troughs in travertine that are caused by carbon dioxide bubbles. Travertine varies in colour from light beige to brown. It is also available in multiple different finishes (honed and filled, polished, tumbled and splitface). Travertine is also available in cross cut or vein cut pieces. Because this material is so porous, it must be sealed to create a protective layer to prevent against staining and wearing of the tile.
Ledgestone is a natural stone that is dry stacked together in random or uniform pieces. The natural stone can either be slate, travertine, quartz or marble. Splitface ledgestone is ledgestone where the pieces have a rough jagged face, making it look more natural. This material is commonly used as fireplace or feature wall tile.
Mosaics exist to create accent strips, to finish backsplashes, or even add a medallion in an entry way. There are endless possibilities when selecting a mosaic which best suits your home. Sizes of mosaics can be as small as 3/8” and as large as 24”. There are mosaics that are the same colour and material, and there are others that can be a glass, stone and metal mixture.
Glass tile comes in a variety of shapes and colours. Starting at 5/8” and going as large as 36”. Glass tile is available in mosaic, or subway format, sometimes the two can even be mixed to create a backsplash that completes your kitchen. Glass offers a more modern and clean look to any area. The benefit to glass is that it’s a renewable resource that is resistant to stains, mold and mildew and is easily cleaned.